Yorkies are one of the best breeds around, but they can be a bit yappy. If you have a Yorkie, then you’ve probably had to deal with them barking at everything that moves. This is where bark collars come in handy! But where do you start? There are so many options on the market today.
How do you know which one will work best? We’ve done all of the research and found out what features make up the best bark collar for Yorkie. And that’s what I will talk about in this blog post so that you can find what best suits your needs.
Best Bark Collar for Yorkie
Bark collars work by emitting an ultrasonic sound, vibration or spray when your dog barks. The best thing about these types of bark collars is the fact that they are non-invasive – there’s no need to restrain your dog and wear uncomfortable gear! So let’s have a look at the best options available in detail
This collar not only sends signals in the form of a beep or vibration, but it also has an emergency shutoff button. This means that you can feel safe using your animal’s collar without worrying about accidentally sending them a jolt. You can also adjust the level of intensity based on your dog’s temperament.
For small dogs, this is one of the best bark collars. It’s also waterproof, which means that your pup can wear it through the rain and snow with no problem.
The dog collar is an intelligent device that will keep your pet safe from any type of false stimulus. It can be adjusted to reduce the intensity and avoid hurting or irritating their sensitive skin.
The collar can remember your dog’s bark and style, so you don’t have to worry about it being triggered by another animal or noise. The signals only come when the pet is barking!
The collar is an ideal choice for your dog as it can send the signals quite safely, and prongs ensure that they will not cause any harm to his vocal cords. It’s light in weight so you don’t have to worry about your pet bitting down on something heavy or uncomfortable while wearing it.
This collar comes with two different modes of training that can be adjusted depending on what you’re training session is for.
Furthermore, the size of this collar can be adjusted to fit your Teacup yorkies, weighing from 6-150 pounds, and fits dogs with neck sizes between 12 – 19 inches in circumference. The material is completely safe for any type of breed.
You can charge the batteries of this collar with a USB cable, laptop or phone charger. The battery timings are quite incredible; therefore you will be able to use it for long periods without any issue.
If your dog is a barker, this collar will work quickly to reduce the noise. The best part about it? It’s very affordable, which means you don’t have to break the bank in order to get your pet under control!
The DogRook Rechargeable Vibrating Collar is a great option for pet owners on the go. It has many features that make it better than other collars, like reflective straps and side buckle slide adjustment so it can fit comfortably around your dog’s neck no matter what size they are.
The coolest thing about this collar is that it’s made with durable nylon and a rechargeable battery means that you don’t have to worry about a dead collar in the middle of an adventure.
The product stays calm, comfortable for your pet’s neck size with no vibration or noise distractions.
The collar is designed to be durable and comfortable for your pup. It features a remote-free design that operates in automatic mode, consisting of vibration or sound corrections depending on the temperament level you choose.
Furthermore, it comes with seven different stimulation levels for each one of the vibration or sound modes.
This collar is different from a shock collar and does not send a static stimulation to your pup like other products, and thus it’s considered a much more Humane and suitable option for nervous little dogs.
Additionally, the buckle of the device is simple to slip on and off – which means you can easily use or remove them when needed! The collar comes with a USB cable charger, which means you can use any type of phone charger to juice up the charger while you’re on the go.
The collar is completely waterproof, so your dog can enjoy their time in the rain or snow with no problem! The collar can be worn for extended periods of time.
This is a great option for pet owners who want to take their dogs on a hike or to the park! The collar will stay hidden under your dog’s fur and it will not irritate them in any way.
The collar comes with a manual, but you don’t need to use it unless you want to change the settings. The device itself is incredibly intuitive, with one button that works for each mode of training.
The PetSafe Basic Bark Control collar is the perfect solution for those who want to keep their dogs in check, but don’t need all of that fancy technology. Sometimes you just need a tool that gets the job done and this one will be sure to do it! It’s incredibly easy to use.
Simply clip the collar around your dog’s neck, and turn it on! You can adjust according to your dog’s temperament to give them a safe, comfortable environment.
The Pet Safe auto bark collar for Dogs is a great choice if you want to ensure your dog’s safety and comfort. With their no-frills design, these collars will work as long as they’re water resistant and have a rechargeable battery.
Some owners of remote control collars worry that their dogs might receive an unwanted correction if they misbehave. This can happen when the collar picks up on a sound other than your dog’s bark and delivers an electric shock, even though he or she has not done anything wrong in this instance.
The bark control collars automatically distinguish between your dog’s bark and other noises, delivering the right correction every time. Therefore this system does not have this problem.
With six levels of correction, the PetSafe collar is a great tool for training your dog. It will deliver low-moderate corrections that are enough to meet general needs and not overwhelming or stressful on their little noggins!
This automatic bark collar comes with an automatic shut off feature that will protect your dog’s neck by cutting the power after a certain amount of time.
The PetSafe Basic Collar will help you reduce the amount of loud noise your dog makes by around 80%, which means your neighbours will thank you for it.
Dogs with a tendency of incessant barking can be a big problem, and this collar will help silence any dog who is a “talker”.
The collar is lightweight, so your dog won’t even notice they’re being corrected. The device comes with a long-lasting lithium ion battery that will give you a full 12 days of battery life. This device is ideal for dogs that weigh up to 8 lbs and above.
The wireless gadget can be used to control your dog from almost anywhere. It has an integrated chip, so you don’t need to worry about the animal barking out of turn as the remote will trigger it whenever they start doing so!
This tool makes for one great way in which we can train our pup better than ever before without being present at all times.”
The bark counter collar features 2 different modes of operation, with 7 different intensity levels in each one. So that you can find one best suited for your needs. The higher the level is considered more effective but it’s important that they start out from the lowest level first so as not to harm them!
The collar can be customized to send the signal at seven different levels of intensity and wait one minute before sending a new series of signals.
This device is great for smaller dogs that have a neck size of around 6 to 21 inches. This new collar is an excellent training tool for changing your dog’s behavior.
This smart collar can recognize when your dog barks and then sends a signal to stop immediately. This helps train them in no time so you don’t need a lot of patience!
This pet behaviour training – waterproof collar iis the perfect solution for controlling your dog’s excessive barking habits. This dog training collar is a handy tool for trainers of all types.
You can use it to train both short-haired and long haired dogs, as well as ensure that there are no accidents while you are out.
This dog training collar is the perfect solution for owners who want to teach their pets a few tricks. With its help, you can customize this tool’s settings just according to your needs and requirements so that it will work correctly in no time at all! The technology within memorizes barking styles with silent partner technology which filters out other noises by sending fake stimuli instead; making sure only yours rings through loud and clear.
This Rainproof E-Collar comes with a lithium ion battery that will last for around 3 weeks. Another great benefit of this device is that it does not have to rely on physical contact, so the radius of its range is up to 330 yards.
This remote – rechargeable training collar is perfect for your outdoor adventures. It’s made from top-quality materials, which makes it water resistant and submersible in about 10 feet underwater!
This means you can enjoy long training sessions with this pet while having fun outside or near lakes away from home to keep them safe during wet weather conditions.
The SportDOG Brand No Bark Collar features 10 adjustable intensity levels and 3 different modes of training for customizing the collar to help you train your dog more efficiently and easily. And with the 2-year warranty, this device is sure to serve you longer than you expected!
The non-toxic collar is made from high quality materials. It’s best for heavy duty use and can be used without any issues with training energetic animals such as dogs. It comes with standard pre-determined modes to make sure your dog is safe and comfortable at all times.
Moreover, they also provide excellent customer support service so if you need professional advice or expert advice, you can always contact their customer service for more tips.
An anti-barking collar is a great tool that can make your dog stop barking instantly. It has different training modes that can be used for any type of pet, so you are able to choose which one best suits their behavior and personality.
This collar will never harm your dog and always sends the signals that can be used for practical training sessions. It’s always best to do a little research on how they work and what types of features they have before you buy one!
This bark collar has three training modes – beep, vibration and shock. You can turn each on or off separately according to your needs.
Furthermore, the 7 adjustable sensitivity levels make it easier to match the best mode. The auto protection mode of this collar is a great feature as it will start protecting your dog from barking after 85 seconds.
It is made from premium quality materials and will work for a long period of time. The adjustable straps are comfortable, too. This collar is great for both stubborn and sensitive dogs.
This remote dog collar is a great way to keep your pup in check. The bark detection feature can send signals out between 7 and 15 times per minute, with no false correction!
It’s simple to use; just turn it on when needed for instant feedback about the barking activity so you know whether or not they’re behaving themselves properly.
This dog training collar is particularly great for dogs that like to bark out of boredom. It will send signals whenever your pet starts barking, meaning they will learn to stop when they are in these types of situations. This is the perfect way to train your dog for effective behavior in any situation!
This sleek, lightweight collar is the perfect accessory for your dog! It has a rechargeable battery that lasts more than 14 days. With an LCD screen to show you some of its features, like the battery life makes this device is perfect for any dog owner.
The barking collar is an innovative pet device that can be used to change your dog’s negative behavior. When they bark or make any other noise, the collar will send out signals in order for them to stop doing it immediately!
This dog training collar can detect your pet’s bark and then send the signals to change it and it won’t send false signals.
This device also has a smart vibration sensor that can distinguish barks or sound vibration from other types of noise. This is the perfect collar for dogs with sensitive skin and dogs that like to bark a lot.
This lightweight collar is made from quality and comfortable materials, which makes it the perfect choice for long walks. It will not put any pressure on your pup’s neck so they can enjoy themselves without getting uncomfortable.
The sensitivity of this collar can be adjusted depending on how much you want them bark and it will trigger as soon they start doing so! If your dog barks continuously, it will increase in stimulus and stop barking within a minute or so.
The collar is a perfect fit for your pet. It will make them look more appealing and attractive than ever before! It is easy to configure it and also you can check its battery life on the screen.
This beautiful collar comes with rechargeable batteries and is waterproof. This means that the dog owner can train their animal for an extended time, or enjoy different outdoor activities with them both in wet weather!
This collar is small enough for any dog breed to wear it comfortably without feeling too bulky that makes it an excellent choice for both big and small dogs!
If you’re looking for a way to control and train your little friend, then Exuby Collar is the perfect product. It’s described as one of the most innovative dog collars on today’s market because it has vibration functions that can help with calming anxious or excitable dogs.
The Exuby prong and shock-free collar is the perfect way to keep your pup safe! The quality nylon strap means that not only can you go about your business without worrying, but also helps them feel comfortable when on their walks.
This rechargeable battery lasts long too so they will have no problem lending this around for future doggy friends who might need some extra encouragement during playtime or work duty at home all day.”
The barking collar is a great way to keep your pup from annoying you and others in the house. The remote free design means that you can train your pet quickly and easily, without having to fiddle with any remotes or devices.
If they start barking, it has an automatic shut-off feature that turns vibration mode on for 7 levels of stimulation to sooth them while also calming them down!
Finally, this collar comes with a sturdy buckle to enable easy slip on and off. The flexible design has side slide buckles for full adjustment so you can get the perfect fit for your smallest pup!
It’s lightweight too – which means no more irritated throats or fussiness from having it on- it gives them extra comfort while keeping their neck safe all day long.
The Exuby Collar is a great choice for owners looking to train them and keep them happy at the same time! It is completely safe and will never cause any irritation – making it a comfortable choice for your pet.
Factors To Consider Before Buying The Best Bark Collar for Yorkie (Buying Guide)
Yorkies are known for their small to medium size and excellent personalities. They’re also known for one other thing: barking at random moments, which can be frustrating if you have neighbours close by. Some of the factors that you must consider before buying the best bark collar for Yorkie include
Some people are tempted to purchase bark collars that are made of cheap materials, but this may end up causing more harm than good. You should always purchase bark collars that are made of durable, high-quality materials.
You should also consider the size of your Yorkie before you purchase a bark collar. If you choose a bark collar that is too big, it won’t be able to fit your Yorkie correctly. A bark collar that is not the right size for a Yorkie will end up doing more harm than good, so you should always double check the size before purchasing.
Bark collar type
There are many different types of bark collars around, but not all of them will work for your Yorkie. Some dogs may be intimidated by electronic bark collars, while others may need the help of a citronella spray. Do some research on different types of bark collars to determine the one that will work best for your Yorkie.
Weight of Dog
You should always purchase a bark collar that will fit your Yorkie perfectly. Do not make the mistake of purchasing a too-small or too-big bark collar. Also, remember that Yorkies can be very strong for their size, so purchase a bark collar that will fit your Yorkie’s neck properly.
All bark collars are not waterproof, but there are some that are. This is important to consider if you have a Yorkie who tends to get wet often. If your bark collar is not waterproof, you’ll have to replace it very frequently, which can be costly. You should always choose a bark collar that is waterproof to save yourself time and money.
If your bark collar lacks safety features, you may end up causing more harm than good. Some of the best bark collars for Yorkies include features such as warning lights and sound, automatic shut-off, and low battery indicator. Do some research on different bark collars to determine which one will be the safest for your Yorkie.
The price of the bark collar that you choose will largely depend on the size of your Yorkie. Smaller Yorkies require smaller bark collars, so they’ll be cheaper than larger ones.
Remember that cheaper bark collars will be made of lower-quality materials, so keep this in mind when you’re choosing a price. You should also consider your budget before you decide on a price for your bark collar.
The range of the bark collar will largely depend on your needs. If you have a very big house, you’ll need a higher range to make sure your Yorkie doesn’t run away. If you’re training your Yorkie in a smaller area, you won’t need as much range.
Remember that you should never purchase a bark collar with an unlimited range, but it shouldn’t be too limited either. Always choose the correct range for your needs.
Your Dog’s Temperament
Lastly, you should consider your dog’s temperament when purchasing a bark collar. If they’re easily frightened or intimidated by new things, you should choose a spray bark collar over an electric one.
If your Yorkie is calm and smart, however, then an electronic bark collar may be the best choice for them. Remember to always do some research on your dog’s temperament before purchasing a bark collar.
Types of collars For Yorkie
There are 4 types of training collars available on the market, each with its own set of pros and cons. It is important to know the main characteristics of each type so you can purchase the right bark collar for your dog.
1. Electronic Bark Collar
An electronic bark collar uses small sensors in the collar to detect when your dog barks. When your Yorkie barks, the shock collar senses it and emits a very high-pitched sound or a small static correction that startles them and stops them from barking again. Although they look like normal collars, electronic bark collars are usually bulkier than other types of collars.
Pros: Static correction collars are very effective at training your dog to stop barking, especially if they’re easily startled or intimidated by new things.
Generally, a static shock collar arrives with a tone-only or a warning beep mode in addition to a static correction stimulation which you can use for a successful training or creating voice commands.
Also, electronic bark collars are generally waterproof and have various levels of correction, so they’re a good choice if you want to control your toy breed Yorkie’s bark without hurting them.
Cons: Electronic bark collars can be harmful to some dogs, especially smaller ones. The shock mode of these collars may startle them too much and scare them into never barking again.
Also, the way that electronic bark collars work means that there’s no way for you to know which bark or unwanted behavior resulted in the shock.
This means that your Yorkie may learn to stop barking when they hear the collar’s tone, but they could startle themselves whenever they aren’t wearing it or see something scary.
2. Citronella Pet Bark Collar
A citronella collar is a spray bark collar, meaning that it dispenses a small burst of citronella spray whenever your dog barks.
The citronella scent startles them and makes them stop their barking behavior. However, you have to continuously refill the citronella canister to use it at full capacity, so this type of bark collar is only practical if you don’t mind paying for refills.
Pros: Citronella collar is effective at training your Yorkie to stop his barking behavior because even though they dislike the smell of citronella, they’ll still be eager to get near their owner or other objects that they like after the initial shock of being sprayed with it.
Also, since most dogs hate the smell of citrus fruit, your Yorkie will learn to avoid barking when they smell it on the collar.
Cons: Citronella bark collars aren’t as practical as other types of effective tools like a bark control device because you have to continuously refill the citronella canister and spray them with your Yorkie’s favorite things (like treats or meat) in order for them to get used to the scent.
Also, this type of bark collar isn’t effective at deterring loud, persistent barking since it only works if your dog barks within a certain time frame after being sprayed.
Also, since citronella is a natural substance, some dogs may be immune to its effect and not learn anything from it.
3. Vibration Pet Bark Collar
A vibration pet bark collar doesn’t use sound or smell to stop your Yorkshire Terrier from barking. Instead, it uses a high-pitched vibration created by an electrical pulse that startles them and makes them stop.
This type of bark collar is usually very small and lightweight, so most dogs don’t mind wearing them at all.
Pros: Vibration collars are the safest type on the market because they only use vibration instead of sounds or smells which could scare your Yorkie into never barking again.
Also, since these types of bark collars are usually very compact and lightweight, you can easily fit it inside their regular collar without adding too much weight. Finally, vibration pet bark collars have a silent correction mode which comes in handy when desired behavior hasn’t been learned yet.
Cons: Vibration collars aren’t as effective as other types of bark collars because they only work on loud, high-pitched barks and leaves little room for error.
Also, since they emit vibrations instead of scents or sounds, your Yorkie may not learn anything at all if they’re wearing it when another dog is barking nearby.
Finally, vibration pet bark collars are usually very small and lightweight, so you need to go through the settings on your device to prevent accidentally shocking them or causing injury with too much pressure against their skin.
4. Ultrasonic Pet Bark Collar
An ultrasonic bark collar emits a high-pitched sound whenever your Yorkshire Terrier barks within a certain range. This sound startles them and makes them stop barking in order to avoid the noise.
Most ultrasonic bark collars only emit the sound when they detect a loud, persistent bark and can easily be adjusted to your preferences.
Pros: Ultrasonic pet bark collars are widely considered to be the most humane type of electronic bark collar because they’re effective at training dogs with just one or two corrections instead of multiple shocks if they keep barking within a certain time frame.
Also, since dogs usually dislike high-pitched sounds such as whistling or hissing, an ultrasonic tone is more effective than other types of deterrents. Finally, this type of bark collar is also waterproof so you can take it with you on outdoor adventures.
Cons: Ultrasonic bark collars aren’t as practical as other types of collars because your Yorkie won’t be able to work at a distance from you.
Also, this type of collar has a short range and isn’t very effective at stopping persistent barking since there’s a chance that it may not go off if the pitch is too low for your Yorkie to hear.
Finally, if you live in an apartment or urban area, the sound emitted by this type of bark collar may cause problems for your neighbors.
Why do dogs bark?
Dogs bark for a range of reasons. One reason is to warn you about a potential danger, such as an intruder. Other times, dogs bark when they’re anxious, bored or lonely.
Barking can be a serious nuisance to dogs’ owners, especially if their pet barks excessively. To stop your Yorkie from barking, you’ll need to figure out what’s causing the behavior in the first place.
How do I get my Yorkie to stop barking?
There are a few ways to reduce barking. If your dog is bored, you can spend more time playing with him. If he’s lonely, he might be calmed by a companion dog or even a pet-safe stuffed toy. Some dogs will stop barking if you keep them busy with chew toys.
If your Yorkie barks when he’s anxious, you can use a well known 2-in-1 water-resistant bark collar. Furthermore, you can also make use of a citronella bark collar that releases a short burst of citronella spray whenever your dog barks. These collars work by emitting a scent that interrupts his barking. Citronella bark collars are safe, affordable and effective for enforcing positive behavior in your pet.
How do you stop nuisance barking?
Buying a bark collar is one of the most effective ways to get your pooch to stop barking. When barking becomes a nuisance it can be really frustrating, especially if the barking is aggressive or incessant. This is why it’s so important to have the best bark collar for Yorkie.
Are corgis and dachshunds similar breeds?
Corgis and dachshunds are different breeds. However, they can both come in a variety of colors and have short and long hair and wire and smooth coats. They also both come in a variety of colors like: brown, black, tan, white, red and cream.
The difference between the two breeds is that corgis are bigger than dachshunds and they have medium to long hair.
Dachshunds are more of a smaller breed with short hair, and sometimes wire haired. Another difference is that corgis are very friendly and outgoing, while dachshunds are more on the aloof side.
Why Do Older Dogs Bark Less?
Older dogs will bark less when they get older. Also, they become more attached to their owner, which means that when the owner is around they won’t bark as much. This is because older dogs have a lot
more self-control and they don’t feel the need to bark for attention or protection or to defend their territory.
Do vets recommend bark collars?
Yes, vets in addition to an animal expert do recommend bark collars. There are many different types of bark collars that have been developed to appeal to dog owners who need to curb the barking of their dog.
There is one type that goes around the neck and emits an ultrasonic sound every time the dog barks. Another type emits an electric shock for every bark.
Do bark collars work on Yorkies?
Yes, bark collars do work on Yorkies. They help to train Yorkshire terriers to stop barking through discomfort or pain that they feel when they bark.
The bark collar emits a sound, vibration or gentle electrical currents to let them know that they are barking. This way, Yorkies are able to learn not to bark when their owner isn’t around or for any other reason. Bark collars are very effective with Yorkies that have a lot of energy and like to bark a lot.
What are some positive reinforcement methods that I can use to train my dog?
There are different positive reinforcement methods that you can use to train your dog. Dog training is important, especially if you have a Yorkie, because it can help curb bad behavior and make him more manageable.
One way to train your dog is to use treats as a reward every time he does something well.
Another way is by giving lots of praise when he does something good, like sitting when you ask him or staying when you tell him. This is called positive reinforcement.
Does my dog need a bark collar?
One way to find out if your dog needs a bark collar is by finding out what triggers them barking, where they are when they are barking, and for how long. If your dog barks in the same place consistently then it might be easier to train them on just that place.
However, if your dog is barking for no reason and randomly throughout the house, it’s best to get a bark collar as soon as possible. A bark collar also can be helpful if you have another pet in the house who barks too, so they both stop together.
How do I know which bark collar to buy?
Buying the best bark collar device for Yorkie can be difficult because there are so many different types. Some pet owners might find that an electric bark collar is the most effective, while others might prefer to use a citronella spray or sound-activated bark collar, which emits ultrasonic sound when they bark.
The important thing to remember is that there is a lot of research and testing that goes into finding the best bark collar for Yorkies.
How do you calm down a Yorkie?
Calming down a Yorkie can be difficult, especially if they are very excitable. One of the ways that you can calm them down is by giving them a treat or petting them. Also, it’s important to make sure they aren’t over-exerting themselves or getting too much exercise because this can cause them to get more hyper.
How tall do corgis get?
Corgis are considered to be mini dogs, so they usually reach about 10 to 16 inches tall at the shoulder. However, there are some that are bigger, but it is very rare.
Some corgis might even get to be 20 inches tall at the shoulder. Corgies are considered to be small to medium dog breeds, even though some might get bigger than average.
What is the life expectancy of a corgi?
The life expectancy for corgis is about 12 to 14 years. This is because they are usually pretty healthy dogs that live long lives compared to other breeds. They have a very low risk of getting cancer or other diseases that can shorten their lifespan.
Can you use a training collar on a Yorkie?
Training collars are usually used for teaching dogs to stop barking. They are also meant to be able to change the behavior of their owner’s dogs.
However, the training collar device needs to be used properly so that it doesn’t hurt your Yorkie. It’s important to remember that there are many different types of training collars, so you need to research the best one for your pup.
Do Yorkies get along with other breeds of dogs?
Yorkies usually get along with other dogs pretty well. They have a high prey drive, so they might want to chase or play rough with other dogs. However, it is important to make sure that they aren’t allowed to do this. Some Yorkies might also be very loud and bark at other dogs who pass by on walks.
Are shock collars safe for yorkies?
Shock collars are a form of training collar which is used to correct bad behavior in dogs. However, a lot of people don’t like them because they can hurt dogs. In addition, Yorkies shouldn’t wear shock collars because they are more sensitive to this type of training method.
How do I stop my Yorkie from barking?
Barking is usually a sign that your dog wants something. If they are barking, it’s because they want attention or food . It can also be a sign that they are trying to protect you.
The first step to stopping your Yorkie from barking is figuring out what is causing them to bark. It’s also helpful if you find the source of their barking and remove it. You can also try training them on different ways, not to bark such as sitting, laying down, or shaking.
What kind of collars does a Yorkie wear?
A lot of owners like to put bow or flower collars on their Yorkie. They are very popular with tiny dogs because they look cute and fashionable.
However, you should avoid putting any type of collar around the neck of your Yorkie unless it is made for small animals. This is because your Yorkie’s neck might get stuck or they can choke.
How long can a puppy live with a heart murmur?
A puppy with a heart murmur will depend on how serious it is. It’s usually recommended that you take your Yorkie to the vet if they have a heart murmur.
This is because it can get worse over time and could lead to different health problems in your Yorkie. If it’s mild, your Yorkie might have a heart murmur for the rest of their life. However, if it’s serious, they might not live as long.
Yorkies are adorable little dogs that need a lot of love and attention. They can be a great addition to any family, but it’s important to know as much as you can about taking care of them before getting one. This guide should have answered most questions about yorkies and how to take care of them. If you have any additional questions, feel free to leave a comment below!